Interstitial cystitis (IC) causes the walls of your bladder become irritated and inflamed. The symptoms include discomfort, pressure, tenderness or intense pain in the bladder and pelvis. Interstitial Cystitis can also cause urgency and frequency of urination. People with severe cases of IC/PBS can urinate up to 60 times per day. Interstitial Cystitis varies on intensity of symptoms, and can go into remission.
While they are not entirely sure what causes Interstitial Cystitis, scientists believe IC/PBS may be a more general condition that causes inflammation in various organs and parts of the body.
Treatments for Interstitial Cystitis
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for pain relief
- Tricyclic antidepressants, to relax your bladder and block pain
- Pentosan (Elmiron) –the only oral drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration specifically for interstitial cystitis. It may restore the inner surface of the bladder.
- Nerve Stimulation, Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, TENS, uses electrical pulses to possibly reduce frequency of urination.
- Bladder distension, the stretching of the bladder with gas or water can sometimes reduce symptoms.
- Instilling medication into the bladder, such as: Dimethyl Sulfoxide.
- Surgery, which is rare, due to possible complications.
For more information, visit the Interstitial Cystitis Association.
About the Author:
Trish has worked for 180 Medical for three years as the Nebraska Office Coordinator. She lives in Nebraska with her husband and daughters.